A Complete Guide to Fabric Types

Updated: May 9


Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids
A Complete Guide to Fabric Types

There is a jungle of different kinds of fabrics. Some are thin and stretchy, others more heavy and solid. Choosing material has everything to say. You will get completely different garments in various fabrics, even with the same sewing pattern. What should you choose?




Advertisement:

Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids
Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids

FRENCH TERRY The softy sweatpants you use when you relax on the sofa has a good fit and feels fluffy on the inside. You will see there are small loops on the inside, and the fabric is called french terry. This type of material is also well suited for hoodies and vests. French terry contains approx. 5% lycra/elastane and 95% cotton.



Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids
Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids

ISOLI

The isoli fabric is well suited for sweatpants and sweaters. This kind of material is very much like the french terry. But there are some differences.

You will not be able to pull it as much as with french terry, and on the backside, the loops are not visible, but you will see more of a brushed side. It feels very comfortable against the skin. The fabric contains approx. 95% cotton and 5% elastane.

Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids
Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids

JERSEY

Jersey fabric is a knitted cotton fabric that is thinner than french terry and isoli. It is perfect for sweaters, pants, tops, skirts, dresses, leggings, underwear, shirts, onesies, and the list is long. The fabric has a good stretchability and usually contains a little more elastane than french terry and isoli. It will also naturally stretch because of how the jersey it's knitted.


PUNTO/PONTE/COURTELLE JERSEY

Punto has a double-knit structure and is well suited for many different garments. If you have sewn in jersey fabric, this will feel thicker and more robust. It has a two-way stretch that shapes itself to the shape of the body. Punto is perfect for leggings, pants, dresses, skirts. Punto is usually a combination of viscose, elastane, and polyester. The fabric is easy to sew in and will not curl at the edges.

VISCOSE JERSEY

Viscose jersey is well suited for light tops, skirts, t-shirts, and dresses. It feels very soft to the skin and contains viscose and elastane.

Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids
Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids

DOUBLE KNITTED JERSEY

A double knitted jersey has two knitted layers that often can be used on both sides. Perfect for tops, cardigans, sweaters, and dresses. It is elastic but not as much as a regular jersey fabric. It contains polyester and cotton.




Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids
Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids

RIBBED JERSEY

We often can see ribbed jersey in tops, dresses, sweaters, and so on. It is very stretchy in the crosswise direction. The fabric contains cotton and elastane.








Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids
Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids

KNITTED RIB

We use this to give the garment a finished result and where we want it to be very stretchy. For example, the most common places are around the neck, arms, waist, and foot. The knitted rib feels a little more elastic and thinner than the ribbed jersey fabric.




Advertisement:

FLEECE

Fleece is a synthetic fabric. It warms nicely and is perfect for jackets, sweaters, pants, and overalls.


By the way, did you know that some types of fleece are made from recycled bottles?

Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids
Sewing Patterns, Sewing tutorials, How to sew, Sewing projects, sewing pattern for kids

COTTON

This fabric is very popular and doesn't have any stretch. It's perfect to sew pillowcases, shopping nets, bags, aprons, and other sewing projects.







LINEN

This fabric is a strong fabric that can last for a long time and give a beautiful shape to the body. The result of making a dress of this fabric is fantastic. You can also choose a stretchy linen fabric.